Egypt covers an area of nearly 1 million km. It is bordered on the north by the Mediterranean (995 km) & on the east by the Red Sea (195 km). The Nile, which traverses the territory from south to north, 1500 km, is the lifeline of the country.
On the Mediterranean coast, it can get very cool in winter and often rainy. Summer is hot. In Cairo, the winters are mild and nights are cool (minimum mean 8 °c), but the summer is very warm and increasingly humid (maximum 40 ° c). The most pleasant period is the autumn. In Upper Egypt, summer is very hot but dry (average maximum 42 ° c). The winter is the best season.
Main Agricultural Resources: Cotton, whose quality is widely known, occupies 19% of the cultivated area. It represents one of the first activities of the country. Exploitation of sugar cane makes the sugar industry the first food industry in the country. Egypt is also the producer of tomatoes, watermelons, potatoes, onions, beans, citrus, dates & grapes. The corn is the first cereal crop in Egypt, followed by rice and wheat. The state has put for several years a policy of land reclamation desert (Sinai, Libyan desert)
Main natural resources: Oil is the primary resource of export of Egypt (43% of exports). Also operating iron ore, rock salt, phosphate, manganese and natural gas.